Analytic Services

PAQ offers a wide selection of Geographic Information Systems Services & Analytical Services including map production, spatial analysis, application & tool development, systems modeling, data development and statistical analysis.

Our GIS and Web development teams work together to develop fully interactive web-based maps.

Explore the menu items on the right to learn more about these services and some of our current and past projects.


Business Mapping

A picture says a thousand words and a spatial view of your data often says more than words or tables ever could.

A New View of Your Data

When you think of business data, what do you think of? A table of numbers, a chart or two? Allow us to shift your paradigm. A spreadsheet of contacts is great so far as it goes, but what does it really look like? Our GIS and mapping tools allow us to present your data with a new prespective.

Sophisticated Spatial Analysis

Mapping data is a good start, but sometimes the job calls for a more robust analysis of the facts. Spatial analysis with a GIS can provide a multi-dimensional model of the many factors that go into a complex decision. It's the tool to identify that place where conditions meet criteria.

X Marks the Spot

We don't limit our mapping work to complex data issues. We make full use of our graphics skillls and usability background to produce maps for any purpose. Direct customers to your location. Create "you are here" maps for your building or campus. We'll help you create an effective tool for communicating location and direction.

Interactive Web Maps

Our GIS and Web development team at PAQ work together to create dynamic, interactive mapping applications. Some of the basic functionality our interactive maps offer:

  • Publish your information and data layers on a dynamic map
  • Pan and zoom the map in and out
  • Click on items on the map to get information about them
  • Make layers visible or invisible
  • Select features on the map and download a file containing their attributes and geography
  • Perform searches for items on the map
  • Create and edit features on the map, right in your web browser
  • More!

Interactive Map Projects

NuGIS Interactive Map

The Nutrient Use Geographic Information System (NuGIS) is a project sponsored by The Fertilizer Institute (TFI).

The NuGIS project involves modeling numerous national data sources on crop production, fertilizer use, land use, and livestock populations. We use these and other data to perform analyses and make estimates of nutrient input and removal for each County and Watershed in the lower 48 states, yearly from 1987 through 2016.

The best way to communicate much of this information is through a map, and this project produces lots of maps! Instead of making a static picture of every map a person may want, we implemented an Interactive Map.

The Interactive Map lets the users construct their own map by turning map layers on and off, zooming in and out and panning the map. The Interactive Map also lets users click on a County, Watershed, or Region and view the input, removal, and balance estimations for that area. Users can also search for Counties or Watersheds by name. The Interactive Map saves time and improves accuracy. Before using the Interactive Map, changes to underlying data or a change in the modeling process meant re-creating up to 125 map images and took hours. With the Interactive Map the update process takes minutes and vastly reduces the chances for human error.

Spatial Analysis

Where is your product needed? How efficient are you using resources? What is your data telling you? At PAQ, we use Spatial Analysis to turn raw data into useful information that helps you make decisions. Whether it's mapping demographics to show you where your customers are, estimating resource use to show you where your product is needed, or performing complex interpolations and comparisons of research data, our team at PAQ can help. 

Many of the tools we use today collect reams of location and activity data while they work. PAQ can help you use that data to make more informed decisions.

Spatial Analysis Projects

Raster Analysis

Many of our client's projects incorporate land use and crop production data. PAQ GIS staff have developed specialized routines to process, analyze and summarize large crop and land use raster datasets by county, watershed, or customized regions.

Cropsmith Fertility and Recommendation Maps

Cropsmith Inc. is an Agronomy consultant specializing in providing fertility and Nitrogen management recommendations to farmers. Cropsmith worked with PAQ GIS team to develop methods to create meaningful, accurate maps of agricultural fields depicting the current soil fertility and recommended fertilizer application using data from geographic points attributed with soil fertility and chemistry characteristics.

Cropsmith and PAQ developed a set of standard procedures utilizing Spatial Analysis and Geoprocessing functions to interpolate the point data across the entire field and create thematic contour maps of soil fertility and fertilizer recommendations. Numerous methods of interpolation were tested including Splining, Kriging, and grid based interpolations.

GIS Application Development

Application Development

ArcMap Automation: Our team is experienced at building tools and applications that customize ArcMap functionality and automate complex functions. We have special expertise in integrating modeling routines into ArcMap tools. 

Web Based Applications: Our team of GIS and Web programmers work together to build web-based mapping applications that let you share and interact with your dynamic data online.

Application Development Projects

Cropsmith Map Building Toolkit

Cropsmith Inc. is an Agronomy consultant specializing in providing fertility and Nitrogen management recommendations to farmers.

Cropsmith worked with the PAQ GIS and Analytics team to create a model of their analysis, recommendation, and mapping processes. PAQ GIS programmers then created customized Tools, Models, and Geoprocessing scripts in ArcGIS to significantly speed the preparation of field collected data and considerable automate the production of fertility recommendations using field collected data and parameters set by Cropsmith. PAQ also used ArcObjects to futher automate the production of printed maps and to reduce the incidence of human error during map production. The Cropsmith ArcGIS Toolkit has dramatically reduced the time required to produce fertility and recommendation maps and lets Cropsmith deliver accurate recommendation maps to their clients.

Data Development & Analysis


How efficient are your processes? How efficient is your industry? How does this year compare to other years? Our GIS and Analytics team at PAQ have experience working with large sets of complex data and turning them into meaningful information. 

We can use real data to produce information that helps you decide where and when to best apply your resources. 

Our PAQ Team will help you locate, collect, analyze, and summarize the data needed to answer the questions you have. 

Analytics Projects

Fertilizer Sales Data Analysis

PAQ has developed a fertilizer product sales database to support the TFI NuGIS project. This database compiles 23 years worth of fertilizer sales data from the American Assocation of Plant Food Control Officials (AAPFCO) and each record details the product sale by County, Year, Season, Product, Container, intended use, percent N, P, & K, and volume sold. The raw data consists of over 8 Million records and is stored on a dedicated database server.

PAQ also developed customized scripts and algorithms to perform estimates using the AAPFCO data that allow us to estimate volume of Farm fertilizer nutrients at the county level for all years, in all states. 


Agristats, a development of the International Plant Nutrition Institute, is an entirely web-based information system designed to collect agronomic and fertilizer use data for regions throughout the world.

The site produces medium to long-term projections of realistic agronomic market potential and boundaries for major crops and serves as an enterprise data entry point and clearinghouse for a large amount of agronomic data in the form of regional crop profiles.

TFI worked with PAQ Web Developers and Programmers to build the Agristats site. Numerous complex algorithums were written to support the data summarization and projection functions of the Agristats site. 

Field Trial Analyses

PAQ works with several clients to perform analysis of data collected during Agronomic field trials. Clients and farmers collect observations of practices used in the field, such as fertilization rate, tillage, and cover crops as well as quantitative observations made during the growning season and at harvest. PAQ Analytics staff combine the data collected in these observations and perform analysis to identify correlations, produce summaries of practices used and prepare reports.

Systems Modeling

Process & Spatial Modeling

Trying to understand a complex problem? Want to streamline a tedious process? Have data for some pieces of the puzzle but not all?

A model can help you by mapping out the connections between processes or datasets.

A numeric model can help you make predictions based on previous observations; A spatial model can help you make predictions based on nearby observations.

PAQ can work with you to develop a process or spatial model to better understand a process and perform what-if scenarios.

Modeling Projects

The Nutrient Use Geographic Information System (NuGIS)

The Nutrient Use Geographic Information System (NuGIS) is a project sponsored by The Fertilizer Institute (TFI).

The NuGIS project seeks to create a tool to help better understand and visualize how efficiently fertilizer nutrients are used across the contemporaneous United States. TFI is interested in knowing where nutrient application is not in balance with nutrient use by agricultral crops, and how that balance has changed over the past 20 years. TFI worked with PAQ to develop a model that considered nutrient input to the land from fertilizers, manure application, a Nitrogen fixation by leguminous crops and nutrient removal when crops are harvested and estimated a ratio of nutrient input to nutrient removal. TFI and PAQ then sought out data sources for each input to the model. Many agricultural data sources were not available for each year or were not complete at the spatial resolution needed. To accomodate these data shortfalls, PAQ and TFI developed several more models that could predict agronomic data for an area based on data from other years and other agronomic data that was available for that area. PAQ and TFI continue to develop estimation models for Fertilizer Use, Manure from Livestock, Crop Producation, and Nutrient removal by harvested crops. These models allow the NuGIS project to provide County and Watershed scale estimations of agricultural nutrient use efficiency for every year, from 1987 through 2016, for all of the contemporaneous United States.